However, trying to actually describe what a Super Tuscan is, is quite an effort in itself. There are not any strict guidelines as to what qualifies a wine into a Super Tuscan, but it does usually mean leaving the strict guidelines for Chianti, laid down by Barone Ricasoli in the 19th century.
In the 70s, Tuscan winemakers, frustrated by the rules on varieties and proportions of grapes could be used, went rogue and started using Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah instead of just Sangiovese, Canaiolo and Malvasia. The results were fantastic and have now been warmly welcomed into the fold of good wines - though the category of Super Tuscan remains an unofficial one.
As to the honour of being the first Super Tuscan, that goes to Antinori's Tignanello, inspired by Sassicaia.
Super Tuscans are now all classified under an IGT label ("Indicazione Geografica Tipica") allowing them to still have strict geographic controls while maintaining the freedom to experiment that drove the spirit of the first producers.
Many estates, like Lornano, in Chianti, produce Chianti Classico side by side with Super Tuscans, and gain accolades from critics like James Suckling, who recently gave 92 points to their 2015 Chianti Classicoas well as a similar 91 to their "Commendator Enrico".
You can read what James Suckling has to say about the recent development of Super Tuscans here: surprising-quality-top-2017-super-tuscan-reds and you can see his recent tasting of 80 Super Tuscans en primeur.
But perhaps the best way to see what these Super Tuscans have done for the wine market is to test them yourselves - why not stay on the estate of Lornano for a week or two and be guided through the wines by the winemakers themselves?
Sangiovese sleeps 6
Malvasia or Canaiolo each sleep 4
Trebbiano sleeps 2
and they all come with a shared pool, a wine-tasting room next door, and a good restaurant just round the corner - Chianti (and Super Tuscan) perfection!